There are three types of skin cancer: basal cell carcinoma (BCC), squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) and melanoma. BCC and SCC, are the typical, and are quickly healed when identified early but can damage surrounding tissue. SCC can have life-threatening effects should it spread to the lymph nodes and other organs. To characterize the less alarming basal and squamous cell carcinomas, see your doctor at the first sign of pink spots recurring in the same place or you experience irritation.
As for Melanoma, you should perform frequent skin examinations. A dermatologist should examine occurrences or indications of any of the following:
Evolved – mole developing bigger in size or texture
Diameter – diameter is larger than the scale of a pea
Border – mole or growth with an irregular border
Asymmetrical – mole or growth that is uneven
Color – mole or growth multiple colors or shading
Melanoma is the most dangerous form of skin cancer; so we would like to share more information about the causes and effects. Melanoma progresses from melanocytes, the cells that deliver melanin - the pigment that gives hair and skin color. Early diagnosis and remedy increase the chances of a speedy recovery. Uncovering the signs of melanoma will avoid the marks from immersing into the skin or moving to other places on the body. Melanoma treatment options can become more involved, once it spreads to other parts of the body beyond the skin.
Sun exposure is the perpetrator - placing you in danger and possible diagnoses of melanoma or another form of skin cancer. Prevent prolonged sun exposure. Cover up - wear protective clothing and shield your body with sun-protective sunglasses, a hat, and clothing. Make sunscreen a daily habit. Use broad-spectrum sunscreen, to protect against UVA and UVB rays, and a minimum 30 SPF.
The best restraint is to limit your time in the sun. The cloudy weather and shade can be misleading. Take care of yourself and your skin in these instances. UV radiation will damage skin even in the winter months and on cloudy days. Avoid peak rays, when the sun’s rays are most intense. And for the record, tanning beds are out. Research shows that indoor tanning beds increase the risk of Melanoma by 75%. In addition to protecting yourself, remember to protect your children. Severe sunburn in childhood or adolescence can increase a child’s chances of discovering melanoma later in life.
Early detection is important. When found early, most cases are treatable. You should always focus to “protect and detect” - yourself from melanoma and skin cancer. Discuss all questions or concerns with your physician or healthcare professional.
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